Bunions and Hammertoes

Expert Care at Sole Focus Foot and Ankle

Understanding Bunions and Hammertoes


A bunion, known medically as hallux valgus, is a bony bump that forms at the base of the big toe. This condition arises when the big toe pushes against the adjacent toe, forcing the joint of the big toe to grow larger and stick out. The skin over the bunion might be red and sore. Contributing factors to bunions can include genetics, ill-fitting footwear, previous foot injuries, and certain arthritis types. Dr. Dalal at Sole Focus Foot and Ankle offers comprehensive treatments, ranging from conservative care involving padding and orthotics to surgical options tailored to each patient’s specific needs.


A Hammertoe is a foot deformity where one or more of the small toes are bent at the joint. Not surprisingly, this condition can lead to significant discomfort, particularly when wearing shoes or walking. Hammertoes generally develop due to muscle imbalance, tight or ill-fitting shoes, and are frequently associated with other foot conditions, such as bunions or metatarsalgia. Dr. Dalal provides expert diagnosis and treatment options, including corrective footwear, custom orthotic devices, and surgery if/when necessary.

Signs and Symptoms of
Bunions and Hammertoes

Both bunions and hammertoes manifest with physical deformities that can lead to further complications if not treated promptly, so individuals suffering from these conditions are encouraged to call our office today. Common signs of bunions and hammertoes include:

  • Pain and Tenderness: Persistent discomfort or pain during activities or when wearing shoes.
  • Swelling and Inflammation: Noticeable swelling around the toe joints.
  • Restricted Movement: Difficulty in moving the affected toes and loss of flexibility.
  • Visible Deformities: Obvious malformation in the toe’s natural alignment.

At Sole Focus Foot and Ankle, Dr. Dalal emphasizes early diagnosis and personalized treatment plans to prevent progression and relieve painful symptoms. By addressing these conditions early with appropriate therapeutic interventions, patients can enjoy improved foot health and a better quality of life.

What are some treatments for Bunions & Hammertoes?

Bunions and hammertoes, though distinct deformities, can benefit from conservative and surgical interventions. Possible  treatments tailored to the services provided at Sole Focus Foot and Ankle with Dr. Dalal include:

  • Shoe-Gear modifications 
  • Orthotics
  • Padding and Strapping
  • Pain Management
  • Physical Therapy
  • Splints and Toe Spacers
  • Bunionectomy 
  • Minimally Invasive Procedures
  • Joint Fusions
  • Tendon Transfers
  • Topical Antifungal Creams or Ointments
  • Antifungal Nail Lacquers
  • Nail Biopsy
  • Oral Antifungal Medications
  • Laser and Light-based Therapies
  • Nail Removal
  • Preventative Measures

Early intervention is crucial. If you or someone you know suspects they have bunions or hammertoes, it’s essential to consult with Dr. Dalal to get a thorough evaluation and develop a tailored treatment plan.