Common Foot Problems and Their Solutions

Every step we take puts our feet to the test, and it’s no wonder that common foot problems can arise over time. From the annoyance of bunions to the sharp pain of plantar fasciitis, these issues can impact our daily lives. Here at Sole Focus Foot and Ankle, with proper care and attention, we can help you manage these issues or prevent them.

Here’s a look at some common foot problems and practical solutions.


  • Cause: Bunions, bony bumps at the base of the big toe, can be unsightly and painful. According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), bunions often result from genetics or improper footwear. Wearing shoes with a wide-toe box and orthotic inserts can alleviate discomfort. 
  • Solution: Choose shoes with a wide toe box, use bunion pads or splints to alleviate pressure, and consider orthotic inserts for added support. In severe cases, consult a podiatrist for potential surgical options.

Plantar Fasciitis:

  • Cause: Plantar fasciitis, a common cause of heel pain, occurs when the band of tissue supporting the arch becomes inflamed. Inflammation of the plantar fascia is often caused by overuse, improper footwear, or abnormal foot structure.
  • Solution: Mayo Clinic recommends stretching exercises, wearing supportive shoes with proper arch support, and using orthotic inserts. We also recommend physical therapy and anti-inflammatory medications along with the above recommendations. 

Ingrown Toenails:

  • Cause: Ingrown toenails and nails that grow into the surrounding skin, often due to improper nail trimming or tight footwear, can make even the simplest tasks excruciating.
  • Solution: The American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons (ACFAS) suggests soaking the foot in warm water and avoiding tight shoes to prevent ingrown toenails. See us at Sole Focus Foot and Ankle for professional podiatry intervention in severe cases. 

Corns and Calluses:

  • Cause: Thickened areas of skin caused by friction or pressure, often from ill-fitting shoes.
  • Solution: Regularly use a pumice stone to reduce thickened skin, moisturize to soften the area, and choose footwear with the proper fit. Please consult us for further care, as we can make custom orthotics for you to offload areas with increased pressure. 

Flat Feet:

  • Cause: Lack of arch support in the foot, which may be genetic or develop over time.
  • Solution: Supportive shoes with arch support, custom orthotic inserts, and specific exercises to strengthen the arch muscles can help. Severe cases may require surgical intervention.

Achilles Tendonitis:

  • Cause: Inflammation of the Achilles tendon, often due to overuse, improper footwear, or tight calf muscles.
  • Solution: Rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE), along with stretching exercises and proper footwear, can aid in recovery. Please consult us at Sole Focus Foot and Ankle for further intervention. 

By addressing these common foot problems early on, you can prevent them from escalating into more serious issues. Remember, your feet deserve the best care. By staying informed and taking preventive measures, you ensure that each step you take is a comfortable one.